Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids that causes irritated, red, itchy eyelids and the formation of crust on the eyelashes.It is a common eye condition caused by an over growth of skin bacteria or a skin condition such as dandruff of the scalp or acne rosacea.Blepharitis affects people of all ages. Although uncomfortable, blepharitis is not contagious and generally does not cause any permanent damage to eyesight.
Blepharitis is classified into two types:
Anterior Blepharitis occurs at the outside front edge of the eyelid where the eyelashes are attached.
Posterior Blepharitis affects the inner edge of the eyelid that comes in contact with the eyeball.
Blepharitis may cause multiple symptoms including a gritty or burning sensation in the eyes, excessive tearing, itching, red and swollen eyelids, dry eyes, or crusting of the eyelids. For some people, blepharitis causes only minor irritation and itching. However, it can lead to more severe signs and symptoms such as blurring of vision, missing or misdirected eyelashes, and inflammation of the cornea.In many cases, good eyelid hygiene and a regular cleaning routine can control blepharitis. This includes using warm compresses to soak the eyelids and gently scrubbing the eyelids to remove crusts. Scrubs can be performed with a mixture of baby shampoo and warm water or with over-the-counter lid cleansing products. In cases where a bacterial infection is the cause, various antibiotics, and other medications may be prescribed along with eyelid hygiene.
Eyelid Hygiene Instructions:
Wash your hands.
Dampen a clean washcloth with warm water.
Place the washcloth over your closed eyes for several minutes.
Dip a clean washcloth, cotton swab or gauze pad into your cleaning solution or open a prepackaged cleansing pad.
Gently scrub the base of your lashes. (Use a new pad for the other eye)